Friday, June 05, 2015

Vietnam To Launch Most Powerful Smartphone In World

Vietnam To Launch Most Powerful Smartphone In World

5/27/20151 Comment

Vietnamese company to launch "the most powerful smartphone in the world."

Vietnamese launched a company called "Bkav", what it described as "the most powerful smartphone in the world" during a special ceremony held in the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi.

He assured the Executive Director of the company, Nguyen Tu Quang, in front of more than 2000 people attended the ceremony, that "new phone" My iPhone "is considered the best in the world, due to its technical specifications of."

Local media have suggested that the ceremony be the largest technical event in the history of Vietnam, for the fame obtained by the machine in the last few months, after it was revealed for the first time in the "CES" Conference at the beginning of this year.
Quang said that "my iPhone" is characterized by diversity, where they were manufactured using more than 800 pieces were received from more than 80 companies around the world, noting that the company obtained a patent for the design of the device for almost four years.

The device is characterized by being thin (7.5 mm), as it is with a screen measuring 5 inches protected by a glass layer, such as those used in Samsung and Apple phones.

According to statements by the Executive Director of the company, which was founded in 2001, the most important characteristic of "My iPhone" available inside it, such as, technology "Quick Charge 2.0", which contribute to speeding up charging the device's battery operation, with "Transfer Jet" technology that increases the speed of process technologies Data transfer.

And supports the device at the particular company "Bkav", where he works as a special operation called "BOS", along with a special anti-virus software makes it "the safest device in the world," according to remarks "Kuang" system products, in addition to private storage called "My service Drive ".

It is scheduled that the device is available in the market on June 2, in 3 different colors and 3 stings a 16, and 64 128 GB, with prices starting from 455 and up to US $ 930, with the possibility of the device within 14 days of purchase. Ended / 25 T.

BAKV Launches Vietnam's First High-End Smartphone

VietNamNet Bridge – BKAV – Vietnam’s leading network security firm – launched its first smartphone Bphone on May 26, after many advertising campaigns.

Before the launching ceremony on Tuesday, which reportedly cost VND10 billion (nearly $500,000), with 2,000 guests, held at the National Convention Center in Hanoi, the public had been stirred up by information about “a Vietnam-made smartphone, comparable to the iPhone”.

BKAV managers said the smartphone could compete with iPhone and Galaxy Note but the details of the product had been kept secret. BKAV managers also said the firm planned to sell the product worldwide and would compete directly with iPhone and Galaxy Note, the products in the same segment.

“The best known technology groups in the world like Microsoft, Google and Samsung have just joined the smart home market, while we (BKAV) have been present in the field for nearly 10 years,” said BKAV’s deputy chair Vu Thanh Thang.

The strong commitment by BKAV managers to an internationally competitive product was doubted among people who assumed that Vietnam could not manufacture a high-end product using high technology. However, BKAV showed that this is within Vietnamese capability.

Vu Thanh Thang, deputy chair of BKAV, said the firm pursued this project for 11 years. Five years ago, BKAV set up a factory manufacturing components for smartphones, since it could not find suitable domestic component suppliers. Notably, Qualcomm’s latest-generation chip would be integrated into BKAV’s smartphone.

Thang also said BKAV had introduced its products to partners in the US and Asia Pacific and had received positive comments about BPhone. Some partners had asked for the right to distribute the product.

After many advertising efforts and ambiguous information about Bphone, this product was introduced yesterday, with three versions priced at VND9.9 million, VND12.9 and VND20.2 million, very high for a made-in-Vietnam hi-tech product.

Bphone will be distributed online from June 2.

At the launching ceremony, CEO of Bkav Nguyen Tu Quang confirmed that Bphone is manufactured from more than 800 electronic components and the design has been protected globally since 2011.

Bphone uses Snapdragon 801 chip, 3GB RAM, 5-inch Full HD screen, 13 megapixel back camera and 5 megapixel front camera. It has a aluminum frame and two toughened glass sides.

The smartphone is 7.5 mm thin, uses 3,000 mAh battery and the Quick Charge Technology 2.0 that enables fast charging, doubling the normal one.

Bkav asserted that its smartphone has design, configuration and camera that are not inferior to Apple and Samsung. They also showcased photos taken by Bphone, with f/2.2 lens for sharp, outstanding color images even in poor light conditions.

This smartphone is also equipped with the Fast Tracking Auto Focus technology similar to Samsung Galaxy S6, which can identify and autofocus with fast-moving objects.

Bphone is equipped with 24 bit 192 kHz sound that Bkav confirmed to be 256 times smoother than the normal 16-bit sound, better than most other smartphones on the market at present.

It supports short range wireless connectivity TransferJet with the actual transfer rate of 200 Mb/s, 500 times faster than the NFC in high-end smartphones such as US-based Apple's iPhone 6 Plus and the Republic of Korea's Samsung Galaxy S6 Edge.

CEO Nguyen Tu Quang and his colleagues performed the connectivity and fast data transfer between two devices on stage.
Bphone uses BOS operating system, which was developed based on the Android platform, which means that users can still exploit the applications available on Google Play.

 In addition, it is also integrated with BChrome browser.This product has high security because it is manufactured by an anti-virus software processing group.

It is the first smartphone equipped with the Firewall system to help control security risks. Bkav also introduced the BDrive data store.

Besides, the privacy mode of Bphone helps users keep secret of personal information such as photos, videos …. They can be comfortable to lend their phones to friends and relatives.

Customers can order the phone on the company's official website or its widely-launched e-commerce website from June 2.

A Black phones with a storage capacity of 16GB will be on sale at a price of 9,990,000 VND (more than 450 USD).

A Champaign phone with a storage of 64GB will be sold at a price of 12,690,000 VND (576 USD),

and the limited edition of 24K gold minted smartphone with a storage of 128GB is set at a price of 20,190,000 VND (917 USD).

"We have entered the [phone manufacturing] field after other companies. Therefore, for brand recognition, we have to make products better than theirs," the CEO remarked, adding that a phone should be beautiful, sophisticated, and strong," Quang said.

"The Vietnamese people always wished that Viet Nam will produce the best smartphone in the world. Millions of Vietnamese are using high-class, imported smartphones… Now, we have made it. Bphone is for you and for Vietnam."

The Bphone launch event was seen as the most attractive technology event in Vietnam this year.

Major EMF headway (From ‘The People’s Initiative’)

Major EMF headway (From ‘The People’s Initiative’)

1) Major EMF Headway 
2) WIFI Health Problems Getting Mainstream Media Attention 
3) Smart Meters Set the Stage for EMF Protection 
4) EMF Etc. 

First net - The New Federal Cell Tower Surveillance System and JADE HELM 15 - Connecting the Dots 

To Share on FB, Twitter or to post this news letter as a link: 

Thursday, June 04, 2015

The Brain Tumor That Killed the Vice President’s Son Has Been Linked to Cell Phone Radiation

The Brain Tumor That Killed the Vice President’s Son Has Been Linked to Cell Phone Radiation

Michigan State University publishes articles on radiation health issues

Michigan State University publishes articles on radiation health issues

Dear Electro-intelligent friends,
Here are some articles recently published by Michigan State University.  While not overly compelling, they do at least help to educate others about the radiation health issues.  We can make them more interesting by adding our comments.
Thanks for all you do,

Wednesday, June 03, 2015

Vast F.D.A. Effort Tracked E-Mails of Its Scientists

Dear All on my mailing list,

FYI: This isn't new (2012), but I just came across it.

Lest anyone have residual delusions that FDA's intent is to protect us, here it is found that they instead tracked and then fired its employees who tried to raise safety concerns (e.g. about excess radiation in equipment for mammograms and colonography), and set up an enemies list including reporters and Congresspeople... Would love to know who at the FDA was behind this and in whose pocket they were.
(No need to respond, please.)

Vast F.D.A. Effort Tracked E-Mails of Its Scientists


download date 2015-06-03

WASHINGTON — A wide-ranging surveillance operation by the Food and Drug Administration against a group of its own scientists used an enemies list of sorts as it secretly captured thousands of e-mails that the disgruntled scientists sent privately to members of Congress, lawyers, labor officials, journalists and even President Obama, previously undisclosed records show.
What began as a narrow investigation into the possible leaking of confidential agency information by five scientists quickly grew in mid-2010 into a much broader campaign to counter outside critics of the agency’s medical review process, according to the cache of more than 80,000 pages of computer documents generated by the surveillance effort.
Moving to quell what one memorandum called the “collaboration” of the F.D.A.’s opponents, the surveillance operation identified 21 agency employees, Congressional officials, outside medical researchers and journalists thought to be working together to put out negative and “defamatory” information about the agency.

A list names three of the 21 people said to be collaborating in criticism of the F.D.A., including employees and outside contacts.
F.D.A. officials defended the surveillance operation, saying that the computer monitoring was limited to the five scientists suspected of leaking confidential information about the safety and design of medical devices.
While they acknowledged that the surveillance tracked the communications that the scientists had with Congressional officials, journalists and others, they said it was never intended to impede those communications, but only to determine whether information was being improperly shared.
The agency, using so-called spy software designed to help employers monitor workers, captured screen images from the government laptops of the five scientists as they were being used at work or at home. The software tracked their keystrokes, intercepted their personal e-mails, copied the documents on their personal thumb drives and even followed their messages line by line as they were being drafted, the documents show.
The extraordinary surveillance effort grew out of a bitter dispute lasting years between the scientists and their bosses at the F.D.A. over the scientists’ claims that faulty review procedures at the agency had led to the approval of medical imaging devices for mammograms and colonoscopies that exposed patients to dangerous levels of radiation.
A confidential government review in May by the Office of Special Counsel, which deals with the grievances of government workers, found that the scientists’ medical claims were valid enough to warrant a full investigation into what it termed “a substantial and specific danger to public safety.”
The documents captured in the surveillance effort — including confidential letters to at least a half-dozen Congressional offices and oversight committees, drafts of legal filings and grievances, and personal e-mails — were posted on a public Web site, apparently by mistake, by a private document-handling contractor that works for the F.D.A. The New York Times reviewed the records and their day-by-day, sometimes hour-by-hour accounting of the scientists’ communications.
With the documents from the surveillance cataloged in 66 huge directories, many Congressional staff members regarded as sympathetic to the scientists each got their own files containing all their e-mails to or from the whistle-blowers. Drafts and final copies of letters the scientists sent to Mr. Obama about their safety concerns were also included.
Last year, the scientists found that a few dozen of their e-mails had been intercepted by the agency. They filed a lawsuit over the issue in September, after four of the scientists had been let go, and The Washington Post first disclosed the monitoring in January. But the wide scope of the F.D.A. surveillance operation, its broad range of targets across Washington, and the huge volume of computer information that it generated were not previously known, even to some of the targets.
F.D.A. officials said that in monitoring the communication of the five scientists, their e-mails “were collected without regard to the identity of the individuals with whom the user may have been corresponding.” While the F.D.A. memo described the Congressional officials and other “actors” as collaborating in the scientists’ effort to attract negative publicity, the F.D.A. said that those outside the agency were never targets of the surveillance operation, but were suspected of receiving confidential information.
While federal agencies have broad discretion to monitor their employees’ computer use, the F.D.A. program may have crossed legal lines by grabbing and analyzing confidential information that is specifically protected under the law, including attorney-client communications, whistle-blower complaints to Congress and workplace grievances filed with the government.
Other administration officials were so concerned to learn of the F.D.A. operation that the White House Office of Management and Budget sent a governmentwide memo last month emphasizing that while the internal monitoring of employee communications was allowed, it could not be used under the law to intimidate whistle-blowers. Any monitoring must be done in ways that “do not interfere with or chill employees’ use of appropriate channels to disclose wrongdoing,” the memo said.
Although some senior F.D.A. officials appear to have been made aware of aspects of the surveillance, which went on for months, the documents do not make clear who at the agency authorized the program or whether it is still in operation.
But Stephen Kohn, a lawyer who represents six scientists who are suing the agency, said he planned to go to federal court this month seeking an injunction to stop any surveillance that may be continuing against the two medical researchers among the group who are still employed there.
The scientists who have been let go say in a lawsuit that their treatment was retaliation for reporting their claims of mismanagement and safety abuses in the F.D.A.’s medical reviews.
Members of Congress from both parties were irate to learn that correspondence between the scientists and their own staff had been gathered and analyzed.
Representative Chris Van Hollen, a Maryland Democrat who has examined the agency’s medical review procedures, was listed as No. 14 on the surveillance operation’s list of targets — an “ancillary actor” in the efforts to put out negative information on the agency. (An aide to Mr. Van Hollen was No. 13.)

A memo reports that monitoring software had been placed on the laptop of an agency medical officer.
Mr. Van Hollen said on Friday after learning of his status on the list that “it is absolutely unacceptable for the F.D.A. to be spying on employees who reach out to members of Congress to expose abuses or wrongdoing in government agencies.”
Senator Charles E. Grassley, an Iowa Republican whose former staff member’s e-mails were cataloged in the surveillance database, said that “the F.D.A. is discouraging whistle-blowers.” He added that agency officials “have absolutely no business reading the private e-mails of their employeesThey think they can be the Gestapo and do anything they want.
While national security agencies have become more aggressive in monitoring employee communications, such tactics are unusual at domestic agencies that do not handle classified information.
Much of the material the F.D.A. was eager to protect centered on trade secrets submitted by drug and medical device manufacturers seeking approval for products. Particular issues were raised by a March 2010 article in The New York Times that examined the safety concerns about imaging devices and quoted two agency scientists who would come under surveillance, Dr. Robert C. Smith and Dr. Julian Nicholas.
Agency officials saw Dr. Smith as the ringleader, or “point man” as one memo from the agency put it, for the complaining scientists, and the surveillance documents included hundreds of e-mails that he wrote on ways to make their concerns heard. (Dr. Smith and the other scientists would not comment for this article because of their pending litigation.)
Lawyers for GE Healthcare charged that the 2010 article in The Times — written by Gardiner Harris, who would be placed first on the surveillance program’s list of “media outlet actors” — included proprietary information about their imaging devices that may have been improperly leaked by F.D.A. employees.
F.D.A. officials went to the inspector general at the Department of Health and Human Services to seek a criminal investigation into the possible leak, but they were turned down. The inspector general found that there was no evidence of a crime, noting that “matters of public safety” can legally be released to the news media.
Undeterred, agency officials began the electronic monitoring operation on their own.
The software used to track the F.D.A. scientists, sold by SpectorSoft of Vero Beach, Fla., costs as little as $99.95 for individual use, or $2,875 to place the program on 25 computers. It is marketed mainly to employers to monitor their workers and to parents to keep tabs on their children’s computer activities.
“Monitor everything they do,” says SpectorSoft’s Web site. “Catch them red-handed by receiving instant alerts when keywords or phrases are typed or are contained in an e-mail, chat, instant message or Web site.”
The F.D.A. program did all of that and more, as its operators analyzed the results from their early e-mail interceptions and used them to search for new “actors,” develop new keywords to search and map out future areas of concern.
The intercepted e-mails revealed, for instance, that a few of the scientists under surveillance were drafting a complaint in 2010 that they planned to take to the Office of Special Counsel. A short time later, before the complaint was filed, Dr. Smith and another complaining scientist were let go and a third was suspended.
In another case, the intercepted e-mails indicated that Paul T. Hardy, another of the dissident employees, had reapplied for an F.D.A. job “and is being considered for a position.” (He did not get it.)
F.D.A. officials were eager to track future media stories too. When they learned from Mr. Hardy’s e-mails that he was considering talking to PBS’s “Frontline” for a documentary, they ordered a search for anything else on the same topic.
While the surveillance was intended to protect trade secrets for companies like G.E., it may have done just the opposite. The data posted publicly by the F.D.A. contractor — and taken down late Friday after inquiries by The Times — includes hundreds of confidential documents on the design of imaging devices and other detailed, proprietary information.
The posting of the documents was discovered inadvertently by one of the researchers whose e-mails were monitored. The researcher did Google searches for scientists involved in the case to check for negative publicity that might hinder chances of finding work. Within a few minutes, the researcher stumbled upon the database.
“I couldn’t believe what I was seeing,” said the researcher, who did not want to be identified because of pending job applications. “I thought: ‘Oh my God, everything is out there. It’s all about us.’ It was just outrageous.”
Andy Lehren contributed reporting.
A version of this article appears in print on July 15, 2012, on page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: Vast F.D.A. Effort Tracked E-Mails Of Its Scientists. Order Reprints| Today's Paper|Subscribe

With my very best regards
Yours sincerely

(Olle Johansson, associate professor
The Experimental Dermatology Unit
Department of Neuroscience
Karolinska Institute
171 77 Stockholm

Tuesday, June 02, 2015

iPad Hardwired w/Ethernet Connection Via Powered USB Hub

iPad Hardwired w/Ethernet Connection Via Powered USB Hub

Recordings from the EHS & MCS conference in Brussels 18. May 2015

Recordings from the EHS & MCS conference in Brussels 18. May 2015

Dear all,

Audio recordings from the recent international EHS & MCS conference are available for listening and download, here:

"Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance: What Role For Electromagnetic Fields And Chemicals?"

Dominique BELPOMME (FR)
Lennart HARDELL (SE)
William REA (US)
Ernesto BURGIO (IT)
Devra DAVIS (US)
André Vander VORST (BE)
Michael KUNDI (AT)
Magda HAVAS (CA)
Cindy SAGE (US)
Joachim MUTTER (DE)
Michéle RIVASI (FR) & Jean HUSS (LU)

Thanks to all who attended and made this an exceptional event!

Very best wishes,
Henrik Eiriksson (UK/DK)
Danish Council on Health-Safe Telecommunications (DK)

PS: The audio player should work in all browsers. Let me know if you experience problems.

Monday, June 01, 2015

Select Amino Acids for Electrosensitivity (ES), Electrohypersensitivity (EHS), and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)

Select Amino Acids for Electrosensitivity (ES), Electrohypersensitivity (EHS), and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)

When I first became ill living in the vicinity of cell towers — but before I was able to realize the main causal factor — I initially completely lost my appetite and dropped around 25 kilograms (approx. 55 pounds) in one month. The only thing that brought back my appetite at the time was the taking of a Japanese Chinese medicine formula called Hochu-ekki-to (aka Tsumura 41) (補中益気湯) in Japanese, or Bu zhong yi chi wan (补中益气丸) in Chinese. Anyway, when my appetite did finally come back, I started craving foods high in protein (i.e. meat) and foods high in antioxidants (i.e. fruits). The reason I believe this happened was because living in the vicinity of a number of cell towers   at the time created a deluge of free radicals (aka reactive oxygen species [ROS]) and my body needed amino acids to rebuild the damage caused by the free radicals and the antioxidants to quench them. This might also very well explain why high-protein diets such as the Paleo Diet are now suddenly very popular: People are depleted in the essential amino acids needed to rebuild damaged cellular structures.

Anyone familiar with Martin Pall's most recent research knows that it entails an increase in Nitric Oxide (NO) via an increase in intracellular calcium and that this is caused by EMFs opening up Voltage Gated Calcium Channels (VGCCs). (People should also know that magnesium acts as a calcium channel blocker and this might very well explain why people with ES/EHS and CFS [Chronic Fatigue Syndrome] feel better when they supplement with magnesium.) Pall's earlier research showed a connection of elevated levels of Nitric Oxide (NO) and Peroxynitrite (ONOO) with MCS and a number of other disease states.

Since a number of studies (e.g. the Kempten-West study and the Rimbach study) show a depletion in neurotransmitters (e.g. serotonin, dopamine), neurohormones (e.g. melatonin), and neuro-modulators (e.g. phenylethylamine)  with exposures to cell tower/base station electromagnetic field radiation, it would make sense to eat foods high in (or to supplement with) the amino acids necessary for the body to rebuild these: e.g.  tryptophanphenylalaninelysine, etc.

On another note, since L-lysine has been shown to inhibit the production of nitric oxide (while L-arginine stimulates it) via the enzyme nitric oxidase, taking this supplement or eating food high in it might very well be helpful in alleviating symptoms of ES, EHS, MCS, and probably also allergies.

Selected Quotes from 

Effect of L-lysine on nitric oxide overproduction in endotoxic shock.

"Since iNOS activity depends on extracellular L-arginine, we hypothesized that limiting cellular L-arginine uptake would reduce NO production...." 

"We investigated the effects of L-lysine, an inhibitor of L-arginine uptake through system y+, on NO production...." 

"In rats treated with saline, LPS produced a large increase in plasma nitrate and L-citrulline concentrations at 5 h, both markers of enhanced NO production. LPS also caused severe hypotension, low cardiac output and marked hyperlactataemia. All these changes were significantly reduced by L-lysine administration. 3. Endotoxaemia also caused a significant rise in the plasma levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALAT), lipase, urea and creatinine, and hence, liver, pancreatic and renal dysfunction. These changes tended to be less pronounced in rats treated with L-lysine...." 

"In conclusion, L-lysine, an inhibitor of cellular L-arginine uptake, reduces NO production and exerts beneficial haemodynamic effects in endotoxaemic rats. L-lysine also reduces hyperlactataemia and tends to blunt the development of organ injury in these animals. Contrastingly, L-lysine has no effects in the absence of endotoxin and thus appears to act as a selective modulator of iNOS activity."

It seems that excessive levels of the amino acid Phenylalanine also inhibits NO production. Interesting to note is that Phenylalanine is necessary for the production of Dopamine, a neurotransmitter, and Phenylethylamine (PEA), a neuro-modulator, both found to be depleted in people living in the vicinity of cell towers in the Rimbach Study:

It is also even more interesting to note here that the drug Ritalin (Methylphenidate) used for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is an analogue (i.e. extremely chemically similar) to Phenylethylamine and the later's depletion via overexposures to ambient levels of EMFs may indeed explain the drastic increases we are seeing in this condition.

Anyone who has followed my own research knows that I have written about the connections between EMF exposures and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. The following is just more information connecting the two:

"A number of researchers have documented imbalances in amino acid ratios among people with CFS/ME. In an article published in 1994, Dr. Alexander Bralley and Dr. Richard Lord noted that people with CFS/ME commonly have deficiencies in tryptophan, phenylalanine, taurine, isoleucine, and leucine. They also found lower than normal amounts of arginine, methionine, lysine, threonine, and valine in a smaller number of CFS/ME patients. It is significant that the most common deficiencies found by Drs. Bralley and Lord are of phenylalanine and tryptophan because these two amino acids are precursors to the catecholamines and serotonin, neurotransmitters that are closely involved with sleep function, stress responses, and regulation of pain and mood."

To conclude and to reiterate, based on the above discussion, logic would dictate that it "might" be wise for people who are ill with ES, EHS, MCS, CFS, and so on, to supplement with — and/or eat foods high in — specific amino acids, especially L-lysine, tryptophan, and phenylalanine (while possibly reducing intake of others like arginine and glutamine as there is evidence that they seemingly stimulate certain pathogens) — not to mention eating foods (and taking supplements) high in antioxidants and anti-inflammatories (which many people are naturally already doing).


Paul Doyon
EMF Refugee

Sensitivity of spiral ganglion neurons to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation will increase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro model

Sensitivity of spiral ganglion neurons to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation will increase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro model

Zuo WQ, Hu YJ, Yang Y, Zhao XY, Zhang YY, Kong W6, Kong WJ. Sensitivity of spiral ganglion neurons to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation will increase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro model. J Neuroinflammation. 2015 May 29;12(1):105. [Epub ahead of print]


BACKGROUND: With the increasing popularity of mobile phones, the potential hazards of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) on the auditory system remain unclear. Apart from RF-EMR, humans are also exposed to various physical and chemical factors. We established a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in vitro model to investigate whether the possible sensitivity of spiral ganglion neurons to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation (at specific absorption rates: 2, 4 W/kg) will increase.

METHODS: Spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) were obtained from neonatal (1- to 3-day-old) Sprague Dawley® (SD) rats. After the SGN were treated with different concentrations (0, 20, 40, 50, 100, 200, and 400 μg/ml) of LPS, the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and alkaline comet assay were used to quantify cellular activity and DNA damage, respectively. The SGN were treated with the moderate LPS concentrations before RF-EMR exposure. After 24 h intermittent exposure at an absorption rate of 2 and 4 W/kg, DNA damage was examined by alkaline comet assay, ultrastructure changes were detected by transmission electron microscopy, and expression of the autophagy markers LC3-II and Beclin1 were examined by immunofluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was quantified by the dichlorofluorescin-diacetate assay.

RESULTS: LPS (100 μg/ml) induced DNA damage and suppressed cellular activity (P < 0.05). LPS (40 μg/ml) did not exhibit cellular activity changes or DNA damage (P > 0.05); therefore, 40 μg/ml was used to pretreat the concentration before exposure to RF-EMR. RF-EMR could not directly induce DNA damage. However, the 4 W/kg combined with LPS (40 μg/ml) group showed mitochondria vacuoles, karyopyknosis, presence of lysosomes and autophagosome, and increasing expression of LC3-II and Beclin1. The ROS values significantly increased in the 4 W/kg exposure, 4 W/kg combined with LPS (40 μg/ml) exposure, and H2O2 groups (P < 0.05, 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Short-term exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation could not directly induce DNA damage in normal spiral ganglion neurons, but it could cause the changes of cellular ultrastructure at special SAR 4.0 W/kg when cells are in fragile or micro-damaged condition. It seems that the sensitivity of SGN to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation will increase in a lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro model.
Open Access Paper:


Joel M. Moskowitz, Ph.D., Director
Center for Family and Community Health
School of Public Health
University of California, Berkeley

Electromagnetic Radiation Safety

News Releases:
Twitter:                 @berkeleyprc